Population in the age group 0 to 14 in 2015 is 24.9%; 15 to 64 years is 69.2% and 65 years and above is 5.8%. Population density is the number of people per square kilometer. The Borneo Project c/o Earth Island Institute 2150 Allston Way, Suite 460 Berkeley, CA 94704. Local police say the fire continued to burn deep underground on peatland and three days later, it had wiped out around 10 hectares of land. “Hopefully our forest (will) still (be) standing, for the future.”. Tel : 03-8885 7000 Number of person per square km in every country in 2019. Fire data by NASA FIRMS, NRT VIIRS 375m Active Fire product, for all of September 2019. The Orangutan Project has supported the restoration and patrol work of the BNF team in Sebangau since 2009, their vital research program since 2013 and the new Rungan project since 2019. Borneo’s orangutan population shrinking dramatically. Start exploring Borneo with Lonely Planet’s video guide to getting around, when to go and the top things to do while you're there. Her handlers say she usually spends too much time on the ground for an arboreal species, and she relies mostly on them to bring her food. The island is The composition of the population aged 0–14 years old (young age) in 2019 decreased from 23.8 per cent in 2018 to 23.3 per cent. Notes. ... youth blogger, Transition Earth. It primarily exports oil, gas, timber, and palm oil. At the fire front, they dig makeshift wells and rig up generators to pump water to douse the flames. Block C6, Complex C, Land Areas: 743,330 square kilometers (287,000 square miles, 74.33 million hectares, or 183.68 million acres) Human Population: 17.7 million, of which 17% or 2.2 million is indigenous Dayak Countries: . 62514, PUTRAJAYA Borneo is one of the archipelago in Indonesia which is populated with various ethnic groups. In Malaysian Borneo (Sarawak and Sabah), it is used somewhat less extensively and is often understood locally to refer specifically to Iban (formerly called Sea Dayak) and Bidayuh (formerly called Land Dayak) peoples. Peat, which is made up of partially broken-down plant material, acts as a giant sponge, soaking up excess water during the rainy season and staying damp to prevent fires during the dry season. You have been warned! In Indonesia, the dry season and the wait for precious rains is finally coming to an end, but the cost of this summer’s crisis to the environment and the local population is being laid bare. “But after growing palm trees, they can buy cars, build good houses and put their children in school.”, Chapter 2. If this trend continues, forest cover will drop to … Thus, they collectively make up 67.6% of the population. “Popi is too lazy today. Although the level of diversity of people is quite high, the tolerance of community life towards different religion and ethnicity is quite well maintained. Source: Malaysia 2016 (Department of Information) “Companies have created a facade of sustainability, but the reality is that they source from the very worst offenders across the board,” says Annisa Rahmawati, a forest campaigner from Greenpeace Indonesia. Explore galleries and museums preserving the historic legacy of the Brooke family, before taking convenient day trips to discover some of Borneo's finest natural sites. She just wants to play with the human,” release handler Nursanti says, as she nudges the baby orangutan up a tree trunk in the forest. Some of the suppliers are also under public investigation for starting illegal fires, the report says. “On the outside, on the surface, it’s snuffed out, but underground the ember was still burning,” says Edie Sutaata, Adjunct Police Commissioner with Palangkaraya Police. data@dosm.gov.my (data request & enquiries) The orangutan was found by villagers in East Kutai, in East Kalimantan. Indonesia is in the midst of a modern-day gold rush. Leveraging Borneo’s biodiversity to make the world a better place That’s where the SBC’s work is focused. Map data provided by IUCN. This summer, nearly 920,000 people were treated for acute respiratory problems caused by the fires, according to the Indonesia’s disaster agency. These include Malays, Chinese, Indians, and other indigenous Bumiputra groups. "THE POPULATION OF BORNEO: A Study of the Peoples of Sarawak, Sabah and Brunei"t Mr. Jones is well qualified to write on the demography of Borneo, which is the name he uses to refer collectively to the three states of North Borneo (Sabah since the cre ation of Malaysia), Sarawak and Brunei. The male population increased from 16.7 million (2018) to 16.8 million. “We are currently reviewing the full list of companies to understand any possible links to our extended supply chain and, in line with our palm oil policy, will take any appropriate action.”. Most of the largest urban centers of Borneo are located along its coasts. PUTRAJAYA: The number of marriages in 2019 decreased by 1.2 per cent to 203,821 as compared to 206,352 in 2018, the Marriage and Divorce Statistics, Malaysia, 2020 … The remainder of Borneo’s population is Chinese, Indian or belong to indigenous populations. Talan is one of the smallholders that make up around 40% of Indonesia’s palm oil producers. In less than 20 years, the country’s palm oil exports have surged almost 1,500% to $20.7 billion in 2017. Borneo is situated southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the Greater Sunda Islands group of the Malay Archipelago. Help     “The companies responsible for the fires and those who financially benefit from them should be held accountable for these environmental atrocities and the devastating health impacts caused by the fires.”. About half of Borneo's natural forests have been lost and losses continue at a rapid pace. The total population in Indonesia was estimated at 266.1 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. The courts have ruled on nine of the court cases so far, handing out a total of $250 million in fines. The Bornean orangutan population has halved in just 40 years, according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The government is sending mixed messages. Palm oil may be exposing many in this developing country of 264 million people to severe health risks. The Bornean orangutan is critically endangered and monitoring its population is needed to inform effective conservation management. It immediately spread,” he said, adding that the punishment of 10 years in prison is too harsh for accidental cases. And the fires will keep burning, they say, until Western consumers say no. The indigenous communities are the Malay, Kedayan, Tutong, Belait, Bisaya, Dusun and Murut. Some fires are so remote they must travel more than an hour in wooden boats loaded with equipment, then hike several miles through the jungle. It all started with Jane Goodall. For hours, we pass by miles and miles of uniform rows of oil palms, and we’re regularly overtaken by large trucks steaming past piled high with palm fruits, or carrying the crude oil. A 10-year study of proboscis monkeys in Borneo has revealed that forest conversion to oil palm plantations is having a significant impact on the species. It comprises 73% of the island's area. Leveraging Borneo’s biodiversity to make the world a better place That’s where the SBC’s work is focused. Researchers estimate that the number of orangutans left on Borneo now stands at between 70,000 and 100,000, meaning the population more than halved over the study period which ran from 1999 to 2015. Currently, the RSPO only represents a fifth of the industry in Indonesia, and often the non-certified companies flout the regulations, Rumondang says. Despite the extent of this year’s crisis, there is still no sense of urgency within the industry to make big changes, so the fires are likely to keep happening, she warns. Sabah, Singapore and Peninsula Malaysia, 2019: Phil Telfer, 18 days & 62 species including Clouded Leopard, Western Tarsier, Otter Civet, Sun Bear and – just to rub salt in the wound – a Sunda Pangolin! The […] Chapter 1. The research also documents people’s claim that the hornbills from the neighbouring regions of Borneo are increasingly migrating to Brunei. We need to change everything, not only RSPO, but also the local government, not only Indonesia but also other countries.”. The Five Biggest Cities In Borneo 1. Borneo reports don’t get more successful than this. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are Brunei and East Malaysia.In Indonesia, "Kalimantan" refers to the whole island of Borneo. But in reality, palm oil biodiesel emits three times more carbon emissions than fossil fuel diesel, when you take into account its other environmental costs, according to the European Federation for Transport and the Environment, citing a 2016 Globiom study. “The predator is not only the animal but also the human,” Nursanti says. “I made a little fire. The island is This is no ordinary fire. “There needs to be a very clear policy and implementation (on) how to reduce the impact of having that new capital,” says Annisa Rahmawati, a forest campaigner for Greenpeace Indonesia. Strategic Communication and International Division “Of course, the replanting of forests will be pushed, especially for conserved areas,” he said. Between 1999 and 2015, the popular tree-swingers’ numbers dropped by nearly 150,000. This plural population is spread throughout the Borneo area through social activity, especially through horizontal mobility. Bornean orangutan populations have declined by more than 50% over the past 60 years, and the species' habitat has been reduced by at least 55% over the past 20 years. Employment data in 2010 and 2011 has been revised based on the latest population estimates from the Census of Population and Housing 2010, which was adjusted for under-enumeration. Sani says the government has multiple ways of targeting companies accused of starting the fires. In 2019, the male population outnumbered females. US snack maker Mondelez International, which uses palm oil in products such as Oreo cookies and Ritz crackers, requires suppliers to “convert their entire supply chain” to “sustainable practices,” a spokesperson tells CNN. Plantation companies.” the country’s palm oil plantation companies.” in 2017 that make up 40. Live population clock Seri Begawan figures from the neighbouring regions of Borneo is situated southeast of the people who treatment... 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